Challenge: смотрим футбол на английском языке

Если вы уже хорошо говорите на английском языке, вот вам challenge - посмотрите трансляцию футбольного матча! 8 лет назад я как раз смотрела чемпионат мира по футболу из Ирландии и это был интересный опыт: матчи такого уровня проходят обычно в бешеном темпе, соответственно речь комментатора быстрее обычной, плюс к этому специфическая лексика и грамматика футбольных трансляций.
Давайте немного пробежимся по околофутбольным словам.


a match - two teams playing against each other in a 90-minute game of football

a pitch - the area where footballers play a match

a referee - the person who makes sure that the players follow the rules. Normally wears a black shirt and shorts, and has a whistle

a goalkeeper - the player in goal who has to stop the ball from crossing the goal-line. The only player who is allowed to handle the ball during open play

a defender - a player who plays in the part of the football team which tries to prevent the other team from scoring goals, e.g. 'Kolo Touré is a defender and plays in defence for Arsenal and Ivory Coast'.

a midfielder - a midfielder - a player who plays mainly in the middle part of the pitch (or midfield), e.g. Michael Essien is a midfielder and plays in midfield for Chelsea and Ghana

an attacker -also called a forward; a player whose duty it is to score goals, e.g. Samuel Eto'o is an attacker and plays in attack for Barcelona and Cameroon

a substitute - a player who sits on the bench ready to replace another team-mate on the pitch. Can also be used as a verb, e.g. the manager was not happy with his attacker and substituted him after 60 minutes

a manager -the person in charge of a team and responsible for training, new players and transfers. For example, Alex Ferguson is the manager of Manchester United

a booking - a yellow card shown to a player by the referee for a serious foul. Two bookings or yellow cards result in a red card or sending-off

offside - in a position which is not allowed by the rules of the game, i.e. when an attacking player is closer to the opposing team's goal-line at the moment the ball is passed to him or her than the last defender apart from the goalkeeper

to kick - to hit something, or somebody, with your foot. In football, the players kick the ball.

a draw - a match that ends in a tie, i.e. has no winner or loser. The teams get one point each for a draw. Can also be used as a verb, e.g. Congo drew 0-0 (nil all) with Senegal in June


Готовы смотреть футбол? Какие команды вы видите в финале чемпионата мира?


(по материалам BBC English)